While concrete flooring is durable, easy to install and cost effective, it can also become extremely cold during the winter and even portions of spring and fall depending on where one lives. One can simply toss on a set of boots and a few pairs of wool socks and try to tough it out or they can look into installing concrete floor heating. It is possible to follow the included steps after one has already installed concrete flooring if they wish to add another layer of concrete but the instructions that follow work just as well for those that are laying a new concrete foundation.
Start by making sure that the foundation is perfectly level and clean before pouring any concrete. It is very important that concrete be placed only on prepared and well packed surfaces or one might find themselves with serious problems down the road. Once the concrete foundation has been poured it must be allowed to settle and be dried before it can be cured. Even though an additional layer is about to be added on top of this foundation there is no good reason to forgo curing.
Lay down a single thin layer of vapor insulation, cutting only as needed, over the concrete foundation. If one is adding concrete floor heating to an existing property, this is probably the first step after a thorough cleaning is finished. Secure this layer of vapor insulation with tape or tacks as needed but ensure that it is as flat as possible for the best results.
The secret to heating concrete floors is what comes next: radiant water tubing. Radiant water tubing systems typically include several panels and hoses that must be set up in a logical and organized fashion. It may not be necessary to have all panels touching each other if the concrete layer that will be poured on top of them will be thick. As a general rule, the thicker the concrete layer atop these radiant water tubing systems, the wider one can separate these panels at the cost of heating power. Some prefer to set up their radiant water panels in a checkerboard pattern, others prefer a zig zag scheme and yet others have their own style. One is free to follow any advice they see fit in regards to laying out these radiant water panels. Simply ensure that there is unobstructed access to the boiler via a pipe or tube that extend up through the floor in the area where the boiler will be kept.
After attaching all panels and thermostat leads, it is time to add another layer of vapor insulation before pouring the final layer of concrete. Once the project is finished simply connect the boiler and thermostats and the concrete floor heating system should be operational.